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Anwar Shah Kashmiri: A Renowned Scholar and Jurist of Kashmir

Anwar Shah Kashmiri (1875-1933) was a prominent Muslim scholar and jurist who belonged to Kashmir, a region disputed between India and Pakistan. He was known for his mastery of various Islamic sciences, such as Hadith, Fiqh, Tafsir, and Kalam. He wrote many books and commentaries on these subjects, some of which are considered authoritative and influential in the Islamic world.

Anwar Shah Kashmiri was born in a Sayyid family that traced its lineage to Imam Husayn, the grandson of Prophet Muhammad. He received his early education from his father and other local scholars in Kashmir. He then traveled to India and studied at various madrasas, including Darul Uloom Deoband, where he became a disciple of Mahmud al-Hasan, a leading figure of the Deobandi movement. He also studied under other eminent scholars, such as Rashid Ahmad Gangohi, Muhammad Qasim Nanautawi, and Ashraf Ali Thanwi.

Anwar Shah Kashmiri served as the first principal of Madrasa Aminia in Delhi, where he taught Hadith and Fiqh. He also served as the fourth principal of Darul Uloom Deoband, where he taught Tafsir and Kalam. He was respected and admired by his students and colleagues for his vast knowledge, eloquence, piety, and humility. He also participated in the Khilafat Movement, a political campaign to restore the Ottoman Caliphate after World War I.

Anwar Shah Kashmiri authored more than 100 books and treatises on various Islamic topics. Some of his most famous works are:

Al-Arf al-Shadhi: A commentary on Sunan al-Tirmidhi, one of the six major collections of Hadith.

Fayd al-Bari: A commentary on Sahih al-Bukhari, the most authentic collection of Hadith.

Tafsir al-Quran al-Azim: A commentary on the Quran that combines rational and traditional approaches.

Al-Urf al-Shadhi: A commentary on Al-Hidayah, a classical manual of Hanafi Fiqh.

Anwar al-Kalam: A refutation of the arguments of the Mu'tazila, a rationalist school of Islamic theology.

Anwar Shah Kashmiri died in Deoband at the age of 58. He was buried in the graveyard of Darul Uloom Deoband. His legacy lives on through his books and his students, who include some of the most prominent scholars of the 20th century, such as Muhammad Yusuf Banuri, Muhammad Zakariyya Kandhlawi, Husain Ahmad Madani, and Shabbir Ahmad Usmani.Anwar Shah Kashmiri was not only a scholar and a jurist, but also a poet and a mystic. He composed many poems in Arabic, Persian, and Urdu, expressing his love for Allah and His Messenger. He also wrote some poems in praise of his teachers and his homeland. He was influenced by the Sufi teachings of Imam al-Ghazali, Ibn al-Arabi, and Abdul Qadir Jilani. He practiced various forms of dhikr (remembrance of Allah) and tasawwuf (spiritual purification).

Anwar Shah Kashmiri was also a reformer and a revivalist. He advocated for the revival of the Islamic sciences and the preservation of the Islamic heritage. He opposed the innovations and deviations that had crept into the Muslim community over time. He also defended the Sunni creed and the Hanafi school of law from the attacks of the Shia, the Ahl al-Hadith, and the Salafi movements. He was a staunch supporter of the Ahl al-Sunnah wa al-Jama'ah (the people of the Sunnah and the consensus).

Anwar Shah Kashmiri was a man of great vision and wisdom. He foresaw the challenges and opportunities that the Muslim world would face in the modern era. He urged the Muslims to unite under the banner of Islam and to cooperate with each other for the common good. He also encouraged them to seek knowledge from all sources and to benefit from the advancements of science and technology. He believed that Islam was compatible with reason and progress, and that it was the only solution for the problems of humanity. 061ffe29dd


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